Whenever the thought of Russia's history come to mind, many people automatically think about the cold war, world war 2 or the soviet union. Fer few actually know about Russia's fascinating history prior to those events. This is an overview on Russia's early history.
Russia's history can be traced back to the Eastern Slavs and Finno-Ugric peoples. Because of these people, the traditional beginning of Russia started back in 862, which is when the Varangian chieftain Ririk establish the state of Gordariki. His successor founded the first united state called Kievan Rus.
In 988 the state had adopted the religion of Christianity which was introduced by the Byzantine Empire. This change ultimately led to the synthesis of Salvic and Byzantine culture which would define what Russian culture was and continues to be to this day.
The state of Kievan Rus ultimately fell apart due to the invasion executed by the Mongols during the years of 1237-1240.
By the 19th century Russia had abolished Russian serfdom on unfavorable terms with the peasants, this lead to disagreements within its infrastructure causing the people of Russia to increase revolutionary pressures.
In between the the time of the abolition of the Russian serfdom and the introduction of world war 1, there were a wide variety of reforms that occured, which would change the economy and politics of Russia significantly. Some of these reforms that made significant changes were, the Constitution of 1906, Stolyplin reforms and State Duma.
Due to the weariness of war causes by the events of World War 1, along with the combination of economic disaster and evident conflicts within the autocratic system of Russia's government, many angry citizen came together in revolt, in whats known as the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Even though the revolution manged to take the Tsarist autocracy apart, their failed policies led to communist takeover by the Bolsheviks.
In Between the years of 1922 and 1991 Russia made various attempts to build socialism but their approach varied as the needs of the country changed due to various wars and what's commonly known as an 'era of stagnation' or the years Joseph Stalin was in control.
By 1991 the soviet union fell apart due to weaknesses within its economic and political structure, this ultimately lead to the beginning of the Russian Federation in 1922, the legal successor to the soviet union.